Tenses are very important part of grammar because if you do not know any tenses and how to use it then you will never learn any language. So tenses are as important as one need Oxygen to live. There are three tenses in English language 1. Present Tense, 2. Past Tense, 3. Future Tense. Every tense has its own rule. If we do not follow the rule then sentence will wrong grammatically. Like this, Spanish language has also three tenses but little bit different. We have mentioned below tense name in Spanish.
Spanish tenses has little bit different rule about making sentence. There are three moods are also used as- indicative mood, subjunctive mood, imperative mood (conditional-mood or tense depending on whom you ask). So moods are very different from English language. We have mentioned tenses in Spanish.
-ar: hablar (to speak)
-er: comer (to eat)
-ir: vivir (to live)
|Present Tense (presente):
hablo (I speak)-Future Tense (futuro):
hablará (he will speak)
–Imperfect Tense (pretérito imperfecto):
hablaba (he used to speak)
–Preterit/ Past Tense:
habló (he spoke)
|–Present Perfect (préterito perfecto):
he comido (I have eaten)-Future Perfect (futuro perfecto):
habrá comido (he will have eaten)
–Pluperfect or Past Perfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto):
había hablado (I had spoken)
–Preterit Perfect or Past Anterior (pretérito anterior): hubo comido (he had eaten)
|-Indicative (indicativo): To express a fact:
Estoy en el restaurante. (I’m in the restaurant.)-Subjunctive (subjuntivo): To express a wish, an emotional attitude, or a doubt:
Quiero que Ud. venga. (I want you to come.)
Siento que no venga Ud. (Sorry you’re not coming.)
Dudo que venga Ud. (I doubt that you’ll come.)
–Conditional (potencial or condicional):
Expressing the idea of (would):
Juan no lo haría así. (Juan wouldn’t do it that way.)
-Imperative (imperativo): Expressing a direct command: ¡Venga Ud! (Come!)
Here are list of tenses in English to Spanish. You can also these learn by this way.
Simple present Presente simple
Present Perfect Presente perfecto
Present progressive Presente progresivo
Present progressive prefect Presente perfecto progresivo
Simple Past Pasado simple
Past Prefect Pasado perfecto
Past progressive Pasado progresivo
Past prefect Progressive Pasado Perfecto Progresivo
Future simple Futuro Simple
Future perfect Futuro perfecto
Future Progressive Futuro progresivo
Conditional Perfect Perfecto condicional
Conditional Progressive Progresivo condicional
Conditional Perfect progressive Condicional perfecto progresivo
You can see in this following image tenses in Spanish.
Tenses in Spanish are given above. Tense in Spanish are not easy as- English but hard work ,willpower and dedication can make every things easy. So do hard work and learn it. We have given some example. See below.
- I speak to you. Te hablo a ti.
- He plays football match. Juega al partido de fútbol.
- I am playing cricket. Estoy jugando cricket.
- We are going to home. Vamos a casa.
- I have eaten the food. He comido la comida.
- We eat food. Comemos comida.
- Never steal. Nunca robe
- Control yourself. Controle usted mismo.
- I love you. te amo.
- I love you too. Yo también te amo.
- Walk slowly. Camina despacio.
- I have finished my work. He terminado mi trabajo.
- I have been working since morning. He estado trabajando desde la mañana.
- He has been studying since tomorrow. Él ha estado estudiando desde mañana.
- He ate. Comió.
- She used to go to market. Ella solía ir al mercado.
- I shall go to market. Voy al mercado.
These are some example related to tenses in Spanish. Some subject are given below. Read and learn.
- I Yo
- You tú
- He Él
- She Ella
- We Nosotros
- They Ellos
- It Eso
- Do Hacer
- Work Trabajo
- Watch Reloj
- See Ver
- Cut Cortar
- Add Añadir
- Multiplication Multiplicación
- Subtract Sustraer
- Divide Dividir
- Translation Traducción
- Sing Canta
- laugh risa
- Cry Llorar
- Weep Llorar
- Beat golpear
- Slap bofetada
- Wash lavar
- Credit crédito